a painting of the city by Jean Shardin

According to the country’s divisions, Kashan is located in northeastern province of Isfahan with an area of 4408 km2. Kashan is located 244 km in south of Tehran, at 51 degrees, 27 min east and 33 degrees, and 59 min northern latitude from the Greenwich meridian. This city is located on the main highways of the country with a privileged position . The most famous names in the ancient texts of this city are: Qasan-Kas rood, Kah Fashan, Kasan, and Key ashian. According to linguists, Kashan refers to summer houses made of wood and straw .

 This city is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road which runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran. Its charm is thus mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the deserts and the greenery of the well-tended oasis. Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 2.5 miles (4 km) west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7000 years.

Sialk and the importance of the Proto-Elamite period in Iran; the Iron Age in Sialk; and anthropological collections of Sialk preserved at the Paris-based Homme Museum were among topics discussed at the conference.

Sialk is a treasure trove of information about diverse subjects such as paleobotany, palaeozoology, palaeoanatomy, diet, climate change, and ancient metallurgy.

Several excavation projects at the site have so far been conducted, beginning with a 1933 French Louvre delegation led by Roman Ghirshman; capping with a most recent project in 2009, which was led by Hassan Fazeli-Nashli, a faculty member of the Archaeology Department, University of Tehran.After world known Iranian historical cities such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists due to numerous historical places.

Kashan is home to many historical places, photogenic bazaars, mosques, madrasas, caravansaries, and centuries-old houses some of which transformed into cozy boutique hotels where you could experience the traditional life. 

While most of its covered structures and marketplaces are associated with the 19th century onwards, the history of trade in the bazaar dates almost 800 years.

Two main alleys lead through the bazaar, one known as the ‘Main Line’, and the other as the ‘Copper Line’, which lives up to its name for at least part of its length. There’s also a wealth of caravanserais, mosques, madrasas, and hammams (public bathhouses) to explore.

Chief among the attractions is the fine Amin al-Dowleh Timcheh, a caravanserai with a soaring, beautifully decorated dome. Dating from 1868, the caravanserai is home to carpet sellers and the odd curiosity shop.

 

The bazaar also includes the 19th-century Hammam-e Khan, the Seljuk-era Soltani Mosque, and the 800-year-old Mir Emad Mosque.

Rosewater distillation festivals, handwoven textiles, rugs, and famed local dishes are some other famous examples to describe the ancient city. 

Tabatabai, Brujerdi, Ameri, and Abbasi houses are of the most famed in Kashan, featuring incredible architecture, which certainly will enchant you! 

Furthermore, Sultan Mir-Ahmad bathhouse is a recommendable place to see. Its fine tile work, stucco, and lights are breathtaking. Also don’t forget the main bazaar, where you can find typical Kashani souvenirs, like the rosewater which is ubiquitous. 

Need some rest? Escape the city and go to the Fin Garden, which is registered on the UNESCO World Heritage list. The UN cultural body asserts that the flawless design of the Persian Garden, along with its ability to respond to extreme climatic conditions, is the result of an inspired and intelligent application of different fields of knowledge, i.e. technology, water management and engineering, architecture, botany, and agriculture.

The Agha Bozorg Mosque is one of the best examples of Islamic structures to visit in Kashan. The relatively modest mosque is famous for its symmetrical design. Next for being in use as a place of worship, it is a madrasa too! To be specific, a theological school.

Make also a day trip to the scenic Maranjab desert. One of the best reachable deserts in Iran to get into. Explore the high dunes by camel, your camera, and just wander around. Watch the sunrise, or wait till sunset and the hereinafter star heaven. The desert inspires everyone!
If you have time, pay a visit to Abyaneh village, which is located around 90 km southward. Abyaneh is known for its beautiful architecture, traditional clothing specifically from the inhabitants, and its old dialect of Persian that dates from the Sassanian Empire. The village and its people’s ways of life and traditions have survived practically unchanged for hundreds of years. It will be an unforgettable day trip from Kashan.
Many travelers opt to bypass Kashan on their journeys to Isfahan and Yazd, but this delightful oasis city is one of the most alluring destinations in the country.

During the reign of the Seljuks (1051–1118), Kashan became famous for its textiles, pottery, and tiles, reaching high levels of accomplishment in each of these industries. Today, Kashan and its surrounding towns and villages are also widely known as a major center for the production of rose water, which is sold at outlets around the main tourist attractions and dedicated stores in the local bazaars.

Kashan was also the center of Persian ceramics, producing decorated pottery and glazed tiles exported throughout the Near East. Its lusterwares were especially famous, while its woolen and silk carpets are among Iran’s finest.

 

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