The poetry of famous poet and elegiac writer of Iran, Mohtsham Kashani, the skill of preparing and making traditional Kashan cookies, and the Golabgiri rituals of Qomsar and Barzak are among the 40 intangible works of cultural heritage in this city, and a number of other intangible works are being prepared for national registration this year.
Kashan has three works of world registration, including a tangible work of the Fin Historical Garden collection and 2 intangible heritage works of the traditional Qalishovian religion in Mashhad, Ardahal, the only religious ceremony held in the country on the solar date, and the skill of weaving Kashan carpets.
Qalishuyan Rituals of Mashhad-e Ardehal It is one of the most interesting ceremonies of the Shiites. It is associated with mourning. According to historical documents, Sultan Ali was killed in the village by his enemies. After his followers arrived, they wrapped his body in a carpet and washed it in a nearby stream. Since then, thousands of people from surrounding areas flock to Mashhad-e Ardehal during the second Friday of the Iranian month of Mehr to mourn the death of Sultan Ali. Often, pilgrims walk from their homes to the shrine in Mashhad-e Ardehal. A group of these pilgrims then carry the remains of the sacred carpet used to wrap Sultan Ali’s body on their shoulders and then symbolically beat the carpet to clean it and also show their anger towards the enemies of Ali who killed him. The remains of the carpet are then washed under a special stream whose waters are considered to be holy. Many pilgrims apply the water on their body and carry it home with them in bottles. The pilgrims finally return the carpet to the shrine and participate in a giant feast for free before returning to their respective homes. In 2012 Unesco added Qalishuyan Rituals of Mashhad – e ardehal in Kashan to the World Heritage list.
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in Kashan Inscribed in 2010 on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The carpet-weaving process starts with a design, elaborated from among a series of established styles, including motifs such as flowers, leaves, branches, animals and scenes taken from history. Woven on a loom known as a dar, the warp and woof are of cotton or silk. The pile is made by knotting wool or silk yarns to the warp with the distinctive Farsi knot, then held in place by a row of the woven woof, and beaten with a comb. The Farsi weaving style (also known as asymmetrical knotting) is applied with exemplary delicacy in Kashan, so that the back side of the carpet is finely and evenly knotted. The colors of Kashan carpets come from a variety of natural dyes including madder root, walnut skin, pomegranate skin and vine leaves. The traditional skills of Kashan carpet weaving are passed down to daughters through apprenticeship under instruction from their mothers and grandmothers. Apprenticeship is also the means by which men learn their skills of designing, dyeing, shearing, loom-building and tool-making