a painting of the city by Jean Shardin
During the Seljuk period (AD 1051–1220) Kashan became famous for its textiles, pottery and tiles, reaching high levels of accomplishment in each of these cottage industries. Currently local textile artisans are enjoying something of a renaissance of interest in their work, but mechanisation has largely led to the demise of this ancient craft. Today the town is more widely known as a major centre for the production of rose water, which is sold at outlets around the main tourist attractions and at dedicated stores in the bazaar.
Kashan is famous for its many industries such as carpet-weaving, textiles, tile work and rosewater extraction.
Rosewater extraction is one of Kashan’s important industries, along with carpet-weaving and textiles.
what is a greater honor than the fact that the House of God (Ka’ba) in Mecca is washed with the pure rosewater of Kashan every year.
Every year in May, Qamsar, a small town near Kashan, wears a beautiful covering of red roses, giving it the smell of heaven as one walks through its beautiful gardens.
Exports of machine-knotted carpets from Kashan, which is known as Iran’s hub of such products, exceeded $400 million .
History of Machine Carpet in Kashan
Kashan industry is one of the most important sectors in which the highest value and capital is concentrated. Considering the industrial culture of this region, the first spinning mill was established in 1934 and started its activities with 8,000 spindles, and consequently in the 1960s and 1970s, velvet, silk and Ravand factories started their work. The number of active industrial units in the city was 12 units before the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, and it has now been reached to more than 1500 units. Today, high-density carpets such as 1200 and 1500 reed machine-made carpets are produced in Kashan carpet factories, which have an eye-catching elegance and micro-texture and are very similar to hand-made carpets. Moreover, about 70% of the country’s machine-made carpet exports are produced in this region. The annual value of Kashan’s customs exports is 100 million dollars, so that It caused Kashan to be famed as industrial carpet capital of the world.
Since the beginning of the year, over $400 million of machine-woven carpets have been exported to Asian and European markets.
Over 5.397 million tons of Iranian carpets, worth $424.451 million, were exported to over 70 countries during the past fiscal year with the U.S. standing on top of the importers list. Germany, the UK, Italy, France, Spain, Switzerland, Austria, Russia, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden and Norway as well as Hungary, Romania, Poland and Ireland are major importers of the carpets.
Kashan carpets are sought after internationally for their delicate designs and good quality. A medallion pattern is arguably the most characteristic feature of all types of Kashan rugs. However, there is tremendous variation in the shapes and sizes of the medallions as well as the way they are used in various rugs. It’s not wrong to say that no two rugs will have the same medallion layout.
There are more than 50 types of agricultural crops, being farmed in Kashan, some of which have win provincial and national ranks, including Muhammadi flower, cucumber, pomegranate, mint, bean, saffron, etc. The region of Kashan is famous for culturing mint and pomegranates from Fin, Cucumber and bean from Lathor, a variety of vegetables from Hasanabad, Saffron from Hosnarood , as well as herbal & Muhammadi Rose from Qamsar, Niyasar, Barzok and etc. During the last two years, the job employment has been estimated as 45,259 people in different agriculture fields including livestock, poultry, aquaculture, beekeeping, as well as processing and complementary industries, resulting in the 220,000 tons of products and 2000 Billion Rials gross incomes. Also, the total production of Kashan agricultural sector is more than 220,767 (tons), of which 146,128 tons are consumed within the city.
Kashan, the Center of Ornamental Fish
The traditional architecture of Kashan desert region had special climatic features that made living easy, eye-catching and refreshing for the families. Due to the unrestricted area of the old houses, the courtyard of these houses – which was mostly a garden pit – was a good place to design multiple gardens and a pond and pool as an integral part of the house. In addition to the freshness and beauty of the environment these ponds and pools brought to the houses, they were a reservoir for storing water in various uses such as tree irrigation, washing, etc. The presence of goldfish in these ponds was a constant advantage that, in addition to helping to beautify the landscape of the house, it served as an income rising way, helping to the families economy. With the development of urbanization, the economic aspect of fish farming overcame other aspects and with the development of the market, the need to pay a macro vision on this industry got more importance. Being attractive to the people of Kashan, this industry was developed in Ravand region, a district located 7 km north of Kashan, and Ravand got known as the center of ornamental fish production in the country.